Maryland Auto Accident Attorney | Difference Between State and Federal Law

Portner & Shure Law Firm Serving Maryland, Virginia & Washington D.C.


Many of our clients ask us to explain the distinction between Federal laws and state laws. State laws only apply to those who are within that state. Local laws are for counties, towns, and municipalities. This is different from Federal laws, which apply to everyone within the United States. Federal and state laws are separated by the areas of law in which they cover.

Federal laws include:

  • Immigration Law
  • Bankruptcy Law
  • Social Security and Supplemental Security Income Laws
  • Civil Rights Laws (Laws that protect against discrimination based on race, age, gender, and disability)
  • Patent and Copyright Laws
  • Federal Criminal Laws (This includes laws such as tax evasion, kidnapping, counterfeiting, immigration offenses, and certain drug-related offenses)

State laws include:

  • Criminal Matters
  • Divorce and Family Law
  • Welfare and Public Assistance
  • Wills and Estates Law
  • Real Estate and Real Property Law
  • Business Law
  • Personal Injury and Negligence Law
  • Workers' Compensation Law

Local Laws include:

  • Rent Laws
  • Zoning Laws
  • Local Safety Laws